To reference the Gene Ontology project and the foundational thought process that went into its birth, please cite:
- Ashburner et al. Gene ontology: tool for the unification of biology (2000) Nat Genet 25(1):25-9. Online at Nature Genetics.
Also, please cite the use our resources as:
- The Gene Ontology Consortium. Gene Ontology Consortium: going forward. (2015) Nucl Acids Res 43 Database issue D1049–D1056. Online at Nucleic Acids Research.
If you wish to cite data provided by the Gene Ontology project, either from AmiGO or the files downloaded from the GO website, please state the release date and/or version number of the data. Both annotation and ontology data may change over time, and to reproduce the results of an analysis, it is important that the same initial GO data is used.
Metadata is stored at the top of the ontology file; please state the date of the file and the CVS revision number.
Gene Association files
Please cite the GOC validation date and the CVS revision number, both of which can be found in the first few lines of a gene association file.
Release information can be found in the instance_data table in the database. Please state both the release date and the release type.
Data from AmiGOThe database release can be found in the page footer on the right-hand side. To cite the annotations of individual database groups please see the GO publications list.
GO Consortium Tools
To cite AmiGO, the GO Consortium's annotation and ontology toolkit, please use the following:
Carbon S, Ireland A, Mungall CJ, Shu S, Marshall B, Lewis S, AmiGO Hub, Web Presence Working Group. AmiGO: online access to ontology and annotation data. Bioinformatics. Jan 2009;25(2):288-9. [abstract | full text]
If you reference the ontology editing tool OBO-Edit, please cite this paper: Day-Richter J, Harris MA, Haendel M, Gene Ontology OBO-Edit Working Group, Lewis S. OBO-Edit--an ontology editor for biologists. Bioinformatics. Aug 2007;23(16):2198-200. [abstract | full text]
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All information on this website is copyright © 1999– Gene Ontology Consortium. Permission to use the information contained in this database was given by the researchers and institutes who contributed or published the information. Users of the database are solely responsible for compliance with any copyright restrictions, including those applying to the author abstracts. Documents from this server are provided "AS-IS" without any warranty, expressed or implied.